Five Important Reminders for Keynote Speakers

Public speaking, in general, is a difficult art to master. The weight of the responsibility can sometimes be overwhelming. In this light, many get confused with the various types of public speakers in different events. One of the most misunderstood is the role of keynote speakers.

Practice of Keynote Speakers

Keynote speakers have a responsibility to capture and highlight the essence of the event or meeting. There are some instances that this certain role can overlap with motivational, inspirational, or even a closing speaker.

If ever you are asked to take this task, there are five key factors that you have to understand. These will help you prepare and eventually deliver a successful keynote speech.

1.Know that Research is Important

Keynote speakers should be willing to invest their time to research about the industry, the event, the topic, and the audience. It is not an impromptu task that would only need couple of minutes to prepare.

This is a vital part in your role because the information from this research will be the foundation of your speech. Through this, you can place the important information, and write your speech in a manner that is appropriate to your listeners.

2.Prepare a Unique and Distinctive Presentation

After doing the necessary research, the preparation for the speech comes next. Remember to use a unique yet comprehensive presentation. It is important to have a clear flow of ideas.

Prepare your audience at the beginning of your speech. In the sense that you are engaging them to listen to what you are about to say. Most of the audience would want to be entertained or surprised, and even challenged at some point. Keep this in mind, so that you are sure to have an active audience.

3.Hit the important points first

There are some misconceptions in the way people deliver speeches. Experts wish to share the most of what they know as much as they can. As most effective public speakers know, this would not be effective for a keynote speech.

Keynote speakerLearn how to write your speech with a clear outline. Do not crowd it with too much information because this would only confuse your audience. This style can bore and exhaust them. Work with at most three main points. This will help you create a more in-depth presentation for each part.

4.Give a Call for Action

In closing a keynote speech, be quick in summarizing your points. However, do not leave your audience hanging. One of the most commonly used closing remarks is the call for action. This is bridging the gap that you have with them, and thus gaining better results towards positive responses from your listeners.

Most keynote speakers are asked to attend events so that they can impart knowledge. In this role, the listener should have a sense of realization as to how these new pieces of information will benefit them. Sometimes, the audience would also reflect on how they are to apply what they have learned in real life scenarios. That is why it is crucial to have this engaging and active closing.

5.Be Ready to be Flexible

Flexibility to change parts of your speech is a necessary attribute that you must possess to be able to effectively deliver. In times when sudden incidents occur, your speech must still be relevant.

This also applies to failed attempts in delivering a keynote speech. You must be willing to change some of your styles so that you can work on those for your next event. You may try to add humor or other emotional triggers to help build your speech. This will also teach you on how to adapt to different types of audience.

Overall, being an effective keynote speaker is not pure talent but also a combination of experiences and hard work. Once you start, you have to work and improve along the way.

Simplified PCB Assembly Process

Printed Circuit Board (PCB) assembly is the process of placing electronic components to the circuit board. The two methods of assembling are surface mount technology (SMT) and thru-hole assembly. Each PCB assembly method uses almost similar procedures, except on the use of PCB, and mounting the electronic components on the board. SMT uses surface pad of the board to mount components while thru-hole uses PCB with pre-drilled holes to solder a component to the PCB.

The process of assembling a functional PCB
Surface Mount design/BOM

In SMT, surface mount design is the first in the process. It also includes a bill of materials (BOM). On the BOM, the electronic components, circuit type, packaging directions, components density, and other pertinent information are defined.

Stencil Printing

Pcb assemblyWhen everything is ready for assembling, stencil printing is next. It is important because it tells the machine how much solder paste is needed. This is the most critical stage since the printed stencil establishes electrical connections between the components. Coming up with a correct stencil guarantees that the right amount of solder paste will be placed and optimum results for the finish product will be achieved.


After adding solder paste, component placement should follow immediately. If the process involves the electro-mechanical, components wrapped in plastic tubes are loaded into the pick-and-place machine. The machine places the components on the board. The solder paste acts as an adhesive while the PCB goes for a “reflow”.

Reflow or Soldering

Reflow is the process of permanently connecting the electronic components to the board by melting the solder paste. In a through-hole assembly, soldering includes cutting the excess lead pin of the electronic component. For SMT process, the success of this step depends on paste stenciling (stencil printing).

Manual Assembly

Even if you use the electro-mechanical method in SMT, manual assembly may still be required depending on the stated BOM. The step can either be done after reflow, when some components are too small for the machine to place on the board, or after inspection and testing when the board does not pass quality control.

Inspection and Testing

Due to industry standards and customer satisfaction, PCB assembly companies are placing great importance on quality control. During this stage, manual inspection is the best method to see if all the electronic components are in place and that the solder joints are in excellent condition. Thus, the person in charge of quality control must have extensive knowledge on how an excellent solder joint should look like.

Before the circuit board is sent for washing and packaging, testing the electrical connections should be done. If the board does not function accordingly, the faulty PCB is brought to the rework area. Other SMT PCB assembly companies outsource reworks, usually to a thru-hole assembly company.


Washing is an essential part of the assembly as this stage removes excess solder paste or any unwanted material accumulated during the process. However, there are cases that this stage is totally removed in the entire procedure because some solder pastes are no-wash types.


The last process is packaging. This part is still in line with the BOM specifications. Correct packaging is essential as this will keep the PCB in perfect condition. As much as possible, shock and vibration during transportation should be kept under control as these affect the finished product. Keeping the shock and vibration to a minimum eliminates the need to spend a lot on reworks and decreases return rates.

The above mentioned series of steps are commonly followed by assembly companies. Well, there are still procedures unique to a PCB assembly company. Such procedures are added to ensure that the finished PCB is of excellent quality.

Features to Look for in a Movable Cubicle

A movable cubicle can be used for a variety of reasons, although its main purpose is to provide valuable space. With so many businesses offering such cubicles in the country, however, it is just right and fair that you peruse the features of whatever they are selling. Here are some must-have features that you cannot skip:

Sturdy materials

Buying a movable cubicle is not a minor decision. It can be quite expensive, though still nowhere near the cost of a house or a brand new car. A rental may be out of the question, though, if you need the cubicle for a much longer period of time. With sturdy materials, however, you make sure that the purchase is worth it.

Movable CubicleThe cubicle should be made of rust-free steel with a sturdy, reinforced base. There may be wooden panels within the cubicles, but they are also specifically designed for prolonged use. The cubicle should be wind and water tight to prevent the destruction of both the container and its contents.

Versatility of usage

One movable cubicle should be able to transform into a lot of things. It should be large enough to work as a makeshift office and watertight enough to secure paper documents and wooden furniture during a renovation. With a little adjustment here and there, the cubicle could be used as a shop in your yard or a place to store your most dangerous tools. There are possibly other uses that you can think of. The important thing is that you can create different setups and scenarios according to your personal needs. This would make the purchase worth it. Just imagine if you bought the container to accommodate materials during a renovation. What if the renovation is over? What would you do with the cubicle then? A flexible and versatile cubicle could, however, allow for more uses.

Security of containers

When you lock up a container or cubicle, it should be sealed properly and must not be easily be pried open. The security of a movable cubicle is important because it is being used as a temporary home, a makeshift office, and even a storage container of important documents.

You should then treat a storage container as if it is a small home or office because it is basically one. It cannot be easily opened by thieves and vandals. It also should not be easily exposed to the elements.

Flexible payment scheme

While the cubicle may have all the features that you want, sometimes payments can be a little tough. Most companies only offer a rent or purchase system. Rent to own payment schemes are mostly out of the question. However, you still have a choice between two payment schemes. If the need for the container is temporary then all you need to do is rent it for a certain period of time. You don’t have to worry about where to put the container after you are through with it. The company will take it back. If, however, you would be using the container for good then you purchase it. It can be tough on your pockets, but the one-time payment will be stretched out to the years and years of use that you are planning for the cubicle.

Transparent quotes

The company should be willing to present you with an understandable and transparent quote of what you have to pay. There should be no hidden charges that could be a problem for you later on.

Whatever you are planning to do with your movable cubicle, you should be able to make most of what you are paying for it. It should be of the best quality and should be versatile enough for your varied needs.

Of lanyards and badge holders—a brief history

The lanyard is most associated in today’s modern world with the cord around one’s neck with badge holders to house identification cards, access pass or in special functions, event passes.

Executives and employees in the corporate world as well as students starting from pre-school to graduate school are expected to have lanyards around their necks with the accompanying badge holders holding their IDs.

And while this ubiquitous piece of wear is now a common sight around, many may not be aware of its history and beginnings and the many fascinating stories behind it. To say the least, the history of the lanyard is quite colorful and steep with adventures.

Badge holdersThe first recorded history of the lanyard was during the 1500s when it was used in ships for a variety of purposes. It was also used by sailors and pirates alike to carry items and weapons. “Laniere” is a French word which means strap or thong and is believed to be the etymology of the word lanyard. French sailors were the first to utilize lanyards on their ships for rigging and when in war which explains its origin in name.

Over the years, the lanyards were developed to have more specific uses for the military, having been designed and modified to carry weapons, tools and other objects. Later on, civilian uses also became widespread because of its functionality and ease of use.

During World War I and even throughout World War II, officers attached lanyards to their pistols, whistles and swords for practical reasons. With the advent of modern pistols which no longer need lanyards to carry them, lanyards were used for decorative purposes instead.

The first lanyards used for personal purposes were fashioned from straps or cords used on the ships. They are simple in appearance and are focused more on functionality. Later on, lanyards became fashionable as well as the craft on making it became more complex.

In most modern military organizations today, lanyards can be seen as part of officers’ uniform decoration. These come in different colors and are actually representative of a rank or an award achieved by the officer. It is further distinguished by the type of its braid and on which side of the body it is worn. Some of these lanyards are can be considered very complex depending on the knots and braiding.

Lanyards now have become synonymous to uniform decoration from the military to the police to marching bands or any other organization or group that wears a uniform. Most of these lanyards are quite fancy and beautifully made and actually enhances the overall appearance of a uniform which is why it has become a very popular accessory to it.

With the modern introduction of a wide variety of attachments such as badge holders, the lanyard has now become part of the corporate and educational landscape.

Companies and schools have their names printed, engraved or sewed on lanyards for easy identification. Designs range from simple to intricate. Some are thick and others are thin depending on their preferences. With a wide variety of materials and make to choose from, lanyards today have become very popular not only for security purposes but have become quite a fashion statement as well.

From its first use in shipping in the early 15th century to military applications, uniforms, decorations and now as part of identification and security purposes with the accompanying badge holders or other types of attachments such as clips, loops to hold cell phones and small carabiners, the lanyard has come a long way and to say its evolution is very interesting is quite an understatement.

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